A person who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to people of more than one sex (but not necessarily equally attracted to each). It is an umbrella term that people may use to describe a diverse array of sexualities.
Someone whose personal and gender identity corresponds with the gender they were assigned at birth.
Hiding one’s sexuality from others.
The process through which a person comes to recognise and acknowledge their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Acknowledgement that sexual identity, attractions and behaviours are often fluid - shifting and changing over time and experience. The same is true for gender.
A person who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to a member of the same sex. The term is most commonly applied to men.
Refers to range of characteristics that pertain to and are used to differentiate between masculinity and femininity, resulting in assigned ‘roles’ based on societal assumptions and expectations. Often this is first assigned at birth and stems from assumptions regarding biological sex, gender identity and social structures.
Gender assigned at birth
The categories that people are divided into based upon their biological and reproductive organs, hormone expression and chromosomal composition at birth. In humans, the biological definition of a male includes the presence of XY chromosomes, higher levels of testosterone, a penis and testes. In females, this is the presence of XX chromosomes, higher levels of testosterone, a penis and testes. In females, this is the presence of XX chromosomes, higher levels of estrogen, a vagina, a uterus and ovaries. For intersex people, they possess a reproductive or sexual anatomy that do not fit these typical definitions and is something that they are born with.
A term used to describe someone whose gender identity does not correspond with the gender traditionally associated with their sex.
Gender expression includes all the ways a person communicates their gender based on societal factors such as gender norms and perceptions. These can be anything from clothes, make-up, language, behaviour and traditions. Gender expression is how a person outwardly shows their gender identity. It includes physical expressions such as a person’s clothing, hairstyle, makeup, and social expressions such as name and pronoun choice. Some examples of gender expression are masculine, feminine, and androgynous. Some people have the same gender expression all the time, while others may change their expression over time or based on circumstances. Some play with gender expression for theatrical purposes, or ‘drag’, and people can choose to express their gender identity in difference ways at different times. It can be psychologically distressing for some people who do not feel safe or comfortable expressing their gender identity.
The avoidance of distinguishing roles or language that is a reference to a specific gender or sex, therefore avoiding discrimination based on the social perception of gender. Language of this nature instead refers to people in general.
Homophobic bullying can include physical violence, name calling, ‘jokes’, sexual harassment or online bullying. Bullying on the basis of sexuality is a common experience for young people who are same sex attracted or for those who may not behave according to gender stereotypes.
A clinical term used to define a person who is emotionally, physically, and/or sexually attracted to people of the same sex.
Someone that possesses a reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not fit the typical definitions of male or female based on the understanding of biological sex. Examples include possessing chromosomal variation such as ‘X’ or ‘XXY’ or a hormone insensitivity. This can be manifested as external or internal physical differences and identified at birth or later in life.
A woman who is primarily romantically and/or sexually attracted to women.
Is an umbrella acronym for the array of identities that may be associated together. The acronym components are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and the “+” represents all the many other identities that exist beyond those listed.
Having one’s sexual orientation made public against one’s will. This is risky and may cause much harm to the person.
Pansexual (from the Greek 'Pan' meaning 'all')
Recognising the potential of sexual attraction to all people, regardless of gender or sexuality.
Queer is an umbrella term which describes sexual and gender minorities. This means anyone who is not heterosexual and/or cisgender e.g. non-binary, genderfluid, agender, bisexual, pansexual.
Many organisations claim to be tolerant or inclusive of queer people. Queer Affirming goes beyond this - it means they will actively affirm and support their identity (supporting their identity and the challenges they face) as opposed to tolerating and accepting it.
A term to describe those unsure of their sexual orientation/gender identity and/or asking questions about sexuality and gender.
Attraction towards people of one’s own gender.
The categories that people are divided into based upon their biological and reproductive organs, hormone expression and chromosomal composition at birth. In humans, the biological definition of a male includes the presence of XY chromosomes, higher levels of testosterone, a penis and testes. In females, this is the presence of XX chromosomes, higher levels of estrogen, a vagina, a uterus and ovaries. For intersex people, they possess a reproductive or sexual anatomy that do not fit these typical definitions and is something that they are born with.
The gender identity you are attracted to.
The term can mean actual sexual experience, sexual desire or self-identity. The three are not necessarily consistent with each other.
For example, a person’s sexual behaviour may not necessarily represent their sexual orientation.
A colloquial term used to describe people who are solely attracted to the opposite sex.
A transgender individual is someone that does not correlate their gender identity with that which they were assigned at birth. Being transgender does not correlate with just those that identify as men or women, but also those that do not have a binary gender.
Transphobia is the fear, hatred, disbelief, or mistrust of people who are transgender, thought to be transgender, or whose gender expression does not conform to traditional gender roles. Transphobia can prevent transgender and gender nonconforming people from living full lives free from harm. Transphobia can take many different forms, including negative attitudes and beliefs, aversion to and prejudice against transgender people, irrational fear and misunderstanding, disbelief or discounting preferred pronouns or gender identity, derogatory language and name-calling, bullying, abuse, and even violence.